Showing posts with label plumbing service. Show all posts
Showing posts with label plumbing service. Show all posts

Friday, June 20, 2014

About Sewer Lines: Causes of Damage, Renovate, Repair

water-pipe-installation-TorontoSewer pipe lines perform crucial functions in Toronto home and business plumbing, and problems with such systems will often result in frustrating, expensive repairs. If everybody stayed informed on how their sewer lines work, as well as common damage causes, these damages could often be either fully avoided, or at least limited.
In the unfortunate event that sewer line damages still occur, however, there are innovative, new solutions that can fully repair these pipes with minimal costs and hassle for Toronto homeowners.

Sewer Line Damages

When dealing with home or business sewer lines, it’s important to know all the unique factors and conditions that can put your pipe lines at risk, so you can better avoid them, or limit their impact on your sewer lines. By knowing what to look out for, and any warning signs your pipes may be damaged or corroding, you can assess these problems before they grow severely, and require more costly, extensive repairs.

The most common causes of business and Toronto home sewer line damage are:

  • Poor installation, or faulty materials, joint seals and connections
  • Chemical corrosion
  • Frozen pipes, and the pipe cracking that cold can cause
  • Plant and foliage root penetration to nearby pipe lines
  • Deterioration with age, such as is often seen in Orangeburg pipe systems
  • Clogging and rust
Be on the lookout for decreased sewer performance, changes in water flow or concentrated dampness around your lawn; these are common, telltale signs of sewer pipe damage. It’s always best to stay ahead of the curve and informed when it concerns the condition of your sewer pipe line.
If you suspect line damage, we suggest having a professional sewer pipe inspection right away. With today’s technology, specialists can run small cameras into your sewer line using a snaking, wire tool; this visual inspection can detail the extent and severity of sewer line damage. By knowing the exact condition of your sewer line, you can make better, more appropriate repair decisions.


Once sewer line damage has been positively identified by a professional plumbing service, Toronto homeowners and business system planners must consider their repair options. If they go the traditional route, they will hire a pipe repair team to excavate their damaged sewer line and replace, seal or remove damaged sections. In these operations, the repair team will physically dig out lawns and soil surrounding the sewer pipe to assess damages.
This traditional repair method, also known as “trenching” repair, results in significant, expensive lawn damage, which will often require a professional landscaping service to fix. Not only that, but these methods can also be dangerous for both repair workers and yourself, as harmful mold and asbestos may be lurking underground; unhealthy substances at risk for exposure during digging. With so much labor involved in trenching sewer line renovations, one can expect significant overhead costs and a lengthy repair, often spanning several days. It’s due to these requirements and risks that many have sought out new solutions for repairing their sewer lines; specifically, trenchless technologies.


Trenchless pipe repair technologies are called such because they eliminate the trenching of traditional methods, instead using cured-in-place pipe solutions to renovate sewer line damage. Trenchless methods have rapidly grown in popularity across the country, performing as a widely available, non-intrusive remedy for virtually any type of pipe damage.
As trenchless methods pertain to sewer line damage, the repair process begins immediately following professional video inspection, which indicates exactly where trenchless specialists should focus their repair efforts. Using epoxy liquid resins, specialists coat the inner walls of affected pipe areas; these resins are the adhesives that mold new pipe walls to damaged areas. After application, a Perma-liner solution is fed through a small ground opening to your existing pipe, where it cures in-place to damaged areas.
After mere hours, these new Perma-liner sewer line walls cure and effectively seal any intrusions and pipe damage. Furthermore, by manipulating these trenchless repair technologies, specialists can focus liner application on concentrated areas of pipe, in a process known as sectional point repair, or even fully replace pipes damaged beyond repair, in an application called pipe bursting.

Trenchless Solutions

For those skeptical toward these innovative new techniques, they should learn the great benefits of trenchless repairs, in both the short- and long-term. Trenchless repair operations can typically be completed in a single day, significantly lowering overhead labor costs and returning sewer line performance to normal in unmatched time.
The very nature of trenchless methods eliminates the risk for asbestos and underground mold exposure, keeping workers and yourself safe. As the entire process is completed using small entrance points in your lawn, major landscaping hassles are avoided, resulting in further time and budgetary savings.
One common concern we hear regarding trenchless solutions in sewer line repair is over their durability, and expected performance life.
If you are still looking for trusted plumber, Mister Plumber in Toronto, Etobicoke, Scarborough, North York specializing sewer repair, upgrade waterline, water service upgrade, drain cleaning, backwater valve installation, lead pipe replacement, re-piping and emergency plumbing, Mister Plumber uses the latest technology to effectively troubleshoot and quickly repair any plumbing problem and offers a fast response and free estimates.
More Info: 
Reliable and Trustworthy Plumbing services.
Call a fully-licensed, bonded and insured Toronto plumber at 416 939 1530

Friday, April 25, 2014

Drain Backup by Toronto Plumbers

Blockage of the drain pipe that connects the home and city’s drain is the most common source of sewer backup and drain backup. This blockage in the sewer line can be caused due to a variety of reasons. The most common reasons being misaligned joints, soil settlement, infiltration caused by roots and many more. Sewer blockages can also be a result of solid debris, food, rags etc. that have been flushed down the drain.
Sewer blockage can be easily detected through the floor drain. Once blocked, the level of water in the pipe will rise to the level of your floor and beyond. The discharge will rise and may appear around the floor drain eventually. The degree of backup can be checked only by professional plumbers, like us, with the help of special equipment.

Causes of Drain Backup

  • Settlement of solid junk like debris inside drains
  • Infiltration by the roots of trees and shrubs
  • Gradual deposition of mud or pebbles on the drain joint
  • Accumulation of food or any solid kitchen waste
  • Accretion of things like hair, small pieces of fabric etc.

Health Repercussions From Sewer Backup

Sewer backup is often associated with a variety of health hazards. The filthy water that rises up to the drain level comes with a lot of germs and diseases too. Therefore whenever you notice your floor drain oozing water, the best thing to do is to stay away from it and call Mister Plumber plumbing service for a quick repair.

In the case that one of your family members, kids or pets come in contact with such filthy water, it is possible that they could suffer from following health problems:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Abdominal Pain

Treatment For Drain Backup

  • Whenever you detect that your drain floor is flooding your washroom or kitchen, then call Mister Plumber Services immediately.
  • Our reliable plumbers will first do a CCTV drain inspection to catch the root of the problem. This inspection enables them to find the precise fault at the exact location. Different kinds of faults have different strategies for treatment. For instance, mud settlement has a different approach and infiltration by roots has a different one.
  • Once the root cause is detected, then the plumber will enforce the relevant protocol. For roots, drain snaking is employed to cut the roots. The same is applied for mud and debris too.
  • However, if the settlements have become rigid with time then drain snaking will be of no use. In that case, hydro-jetting is used. Hydro-Jetting uses the  most innovative technique to clean the pipe. It can cut through the hardest dirt and roots.
  • Once, the cleaning is done, then another CCTV inspection is undertaken to ensure that the pipe or the drain is free from obstructions and blockages.

How to Prevent Drain Backup?

There are many rules that people can follow to make sure that they don’t end up in this situation. The following are some preventive measures:
  • Avoid putting inappropriate objects in the drain like rags or small pieces of plastic.
  • Never flush solid kitchen waste through the pipe. Not only will it block your drain, but it will also deteriorate there creating foul smell.
  • While gardening, make sure that your plants or trees in the yard are not directly above the pipeline.
  • Call sewer service experts, like those present at Mister Plumber, from time to time to check the pipes and drains. Maintenance plays a pivotal role in the health of your pipes and drains.
Effective techniques, budget pricing and reliable plumbers are the pillars of success at Toronto’s most advanced and popular plumbing company – Mister Plumber.

So, next time when you witness your floor drain offering you water instead of taking it – call our plumbing experts in Toronto immediately and seek professional help.

Is drain backup flooding your floor with water and germs? Don’t worry!

Call Mister Plumber NOW and we will dispatch an emergency plumbing team straight away.

More Info: 
Reliable and Trustworthy Plumbing services.
Call a fully-licensed, bonded and insured Toronto plumber at 416 939 1530

Drain and Pipe Lining by Toronto Plumbers

Drain lining services are integral to the efficient plumbing operations in your premises. The lateral pipes that run beneath your property can get damaged due to a myriad of reasons. These pipes are big and are connected to the main drain of the city. Since these pipes are made of metal or clay; they can deteriorate after some time. Once affected, these pipes can then pose serious repercussions for your plumbing system.
These pipes can be cured in a variety of ways, but often plumbers end up digging the entire lawn. Excavating the ground to replace the pipe can affect the property for weeks to come. We at Mister Plumber Plumbing Service, have a different solution altogether i.e. pipelining. Latest drain lining technology offers trenchless repair in minimum time.

Call now for underground drain repair through latest pipe lining technology.

What is Pipelining?

In this case, the damaged pipe is cured by lining it with an epoxy resin. This epoxy resin is then allowed to harden which creates a totally new pipe internally. With this technology in hand, there is absolutely no need to replace the old pipe by digging. We can save the old pipe and simply revive them. Our best-in-class equipment and intelligent plumbing team has carried out pipelining operations in a number of households in Toronto providing them relief from broken lateral pipes permanently.

What is Pipe Bursting?

With time, the underground pipes can burst due to excessive pressure or infiltration of any foreign item, like roots etc. Since these pipes are made of clay or metal, they can burst. In order to repair such pipes, the most effective technique nowadays is pipe lining.

How We Repair Your Home Drains – Stages of Pipelining

Pipe Inspection

First the affected pipe is inspected thoroughly with the help of a CCTV camera. It permits to identify any existing defects inside the pipe. Defects like blockage, water infiltration, collapsing etc. can be easily detected at this stage with the help of the drain CCTV camera.

Drain Snaking

Next, we do drain snaking to clear any accumulated debris from the pipe. Snaking along with root cutter cuts any infiltrated roots in the pipe. Snaking pushes the hard scum and smudges through the pipe and clears it for next steps.

Bladder Insertion

A tube bladder made up of reinforced PVC membrane is then inserted in the affected pipe. This tube is made up of the best quality membrane. It can bear a lot of pressure, going up to 30 PSI.

Epoxy Preparation

Our plumbers prepare the epoxy resin. This epoxy has to be prepared very carefully by mixing the resin and the hardener in just the right amount. Careful mathematical calculations using the diameter and length of the pipe have to be done in this step as the right amount and quality of resin is important.

Epoxy Filling

The epoxy resin prepared is now filled in to the tube bladder. From one end, the resin is introduced in the bladder. And from the other end, a vacuum is drawn.

Epoxy Bladder Insertion

Once the liner is filled with the epoxy resin, it is then introduced in the old pipe through a small excavation point or cleanout.

Tube Inflation

he tube is then held at one place with the help of air pressure of about 10-15 PSI for at least 3-4 hours. Once the liner is cured, the plumbers reduce the air pressure and take the inflation bladder out.

Another Inspection

When the tube sets into the pipe, it is again inspected with the help of a CCTV drain camera to confirm the quality and filling of the new pipe.

What makes Mister Plumber Plumbing Service Special?

  • Our work promises a long-lasting warranty.
  • We guarantee customer satisfaction. We won’t leave your premises, till you are satisfied. Our clients are 100% content with the work we do.
  • Our smart plumbers never leave the site dirty and excavated. We thoroughly clean the area and even sanitize it.
  • We are available at your service 24/7. No matter what time it is, we will be there to help you out with your emergency plumbing situation.
  • The amount we charge for our work is the best in all of Toronto. Unlike other plumbing services, we do not add unnecessary charges to the repair bill.
  • We work with trenchless plumbing technology thereby minimizing the property damage.
Mister Plumber Plumbing Services applies the best plumbing practices to work. This makes us the best drain and plumbing solutions company in Toronto. Our state-of-the-art equipment and expert plumbing team can handle any plumbing / drainage situation with ease.

Is your pipe clogged even after snaking? Call us to offer potent drain lining technology at the lowest prices.

More Info: 
Reliable and Trustworthy Plumbing services.
Call a fully-licensed, bonded and insured Toronto plumber at 416 939 1530

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Definitions and Explanations of Common Plumbing, Drain and Sewer Terms, Tools, Techniques and Fixtures

  • ABS: Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene. A black plastic pipe used in plumbing for drains and vents.
  • Absorption Field: A leeching or seeping field engineered to receive septic tank effluent.
  • Adjustable Hot Limit Stop: Restricts hot water output in single control faucets and showers to protect against scalding by limiting the swing to the hot side.
  • Aerator: A screen-like insert screwed onto a faucet outlet. It mixes air with the flowing water to reduce splashing.
  • Air Admittance Valve: A plumbing device that replaces a traditional vent to allow air to enter the pipe and equalize pressure, preserving the seal of water in the fixture trap.
  • Air Gap: In the drainage system, the unobstructed vertical opening between the lowest opening of a waste line and the flood level of the device into which it empties. Its purpose is to prevent backflow contamination.
  • Auger (or Closet Auger): A bendable rod with curved end used by plumbers to remove clogs from a toilet’s trap.
  • Back Pressure: Pressure that resists the flow of fluid in a piping system.
  • Back Flow: When water traveling from one system backs into any part of the main distribution system, usually by siphoning.
  • Back Flow Preventer: A device to prevent back flow, especially into a potable water supply. Required for sprinkler systems, handheld showers, pullout faucet spouts, and kitchen sprayers.
  • Backup: Overflow of a plumbing fixture due to drain stoppage.
  • Baffle: An object placed in an appliance to change the direction of, or slow down the flow of air, gases or water.
  • Balancing Valve: A water heater valve that controls water flow and balances heat distribution to different locations.
  • Ball Check Valve: A valve that uses a ball to seal against a seat to stop flow in one direction.
  • Ball Joint: A spherical assembly in shower heads that allows the head to pivot and rotate.
  • Ballcock: A valve in the tank of a gravity-operated toilet that controls refilling of the tank. It is connected to a float via a metal arm. After flushing, the toilet refills until the float rises high enough to shut off the valve.
  • Backflow Preventer: A device that prevents wastewater and other contaminants from flowing into the potable water supply. Generally required for sprinkler systems, hand-held showers installed in bathtubs, faucets with pullout spouts, kitchen sprayers, and the like.
  • Bidet: A plumbing fixture similar in appearance to a toilet bowl used for personal hygiene. It is floor mounted, usually next to a toilet, and consists of a washing basin, faucet and sprayer.
  • Blackwater: Waste water from a toilet.
  • Bleed: To drain a pipe of excess air by opening a valve at the end of the pipe.
  • Blow Torch: A torch used by plumbers to solder pipes, activated by pressurized fuel and air to generate its flame.
  • Blowbag: A drain-cleaning device consisting of a rubber bladder with a hose fitting on one end and a nozzle on the other. The device attaches to a water hose and is inserted into a clogged drainpipe. As water is introduced, it expands to grip the pipe, and releases pulsating bursts of water through the nozzle, forcing water through the pipe to clear the obstruction. Also known as a blowfish.
  • Blowdown: Partial venting or draining, under pressure, of the water side of a boiler to reduce or remove unwanted contaminants. Also the pressure drops after releasing a pressure-relief valve.
  • Boiler: A sealed tank where water is turned to steam for heating or power.
  • Boiler Feed: A check valve controlling inlet water flow to a boiler.
  • Bonnet: The top portion of a compression valve assembly, it holds the valve in place as it is tightened against the valve seat at the other end of the assembly.
  • Brackish Water: Water containing bacteria between 1,000 and 15,000 ppm of dissolved solids.
  • Brass: Slang for faucets and fittings regardless of materials used.
  • Burst Pressure: The internal pressure that will cause a piece of tubing to fail.
  • Branch Drain: Plumbing fixture drain that leads to the main drain line.
  • Bushing: A fitting that’s threaded inside and outside that joins pipes of different sizes.
  • CPVC: Stands for chlorinated polyvinyl chloride. A black plastic pipe that can handle high temperatures. Mostly used in water supply systems.
  • Cleanout Plug: A plug in a trap or drain pipe that provides access for the purpose of clearing an obstruction.
  • Closet Bend: A curved waste pipe fitting under a toilet that connects the closet flange to the drain.
  • Closet Flange: A ring that anchors the toilet to the floor and connects it to the closet bend. Also known as a Floor Flange.
  • Collar: A galvanized sheet metal restricting device used in conjunction with plastic pipe. Its function is to direct and control the intumescent action of the firestopping material.
  • Compression Fitting: A kind of tubing or pipe connection where a nut and a sleeve or ferrule is placed over a copper or plastic tube and is compressed tightly around the tube as the nut is tightened forming a positive grip and seal without soldering.
  • Coupling: A short fitting used to join two pieces of pipe.
  • Cowl: A short fitting used to join two pieces of pipe.
  • Dam: A barrier in the trapway of a toilet that controls the water level in the toilet bowl.
  • Diaphragm: A flexible membrane in a valve that deflects down onto a rigid area of the valve body to regulate water flow from the supply lines. This eliminates the possibility of debris build-up within the valve.
  • Diffuser: A device used to reduce the velocity and increasing the static pressure of a fluid passing through a system.
  • Dip Tube: A tube inside the water heater that sends cold water to the bottom of the tank.
  • Diverter: A faucet valve that redirects water from the tub faucet to the shower head.
  • Dope: A lubricant used by plumbers on pipe threads.
  • Drain-Waste-Vent System: A pipe system that drains wastewater from the bathroom and vents the drain system.
  • Effluent: Septic system liquid waste.
  • Elbow: A curved fitting, usually 90° or 45°, used to change the direction of a pipe run. Also called an “ell.”
  • Escutcheon: A decorative metal flange or plate that covers and hides the supply line hole in the fixture or wall.
  • Fitting: Any part that joins together two sections of pipe. Comes in many shapes, sizes & connection styles. Examples: elbows, couplings, bends, wyes, etc.
  • Fixture: Anything that accepts or discharges water or wastewater: faucets, sinks, toilets, tubs.
  • Flange: The rim or edge at end of a pipe shaft that aids in connecting it to another pipe or anchoring it to a surface.
  • Flapper: A rubber flap with ball-like shape in the bottom of a toilet lifts to allow flushing and seals off the tank for refilling. Allows water to flow from the tank into the bowl.
  • Flex Coupling: A rubber fitting that uses steel band clamps to attach to the pipe ends. Mostly used to join sections of DWV pipe, but also connects PVC to clay or cast iron pipe.
  • Flow Control Valve: Device designed to reduce water flow to a plumbing fixture. Often used to improve efficiency and reduce operating costs.
  • Flow Rate: Measurement of water flow through a plumbing system in gallons per minutes (GPM) or gallons per hour (GPH).
  • Float Ball: A floating device connected to the ballcock inside the toilet tank to activate or shut off the ballcock.
  • Flux: A jelly-like substance used in soldering copper pipes and fittings. Applied before soldering to aid bonding and prevent oxidation.
  • Galvanizing: The process of applying a coating of zinc to the finished product to provide corrosion protection. The coating can be applied by hot dipping or electrolytic deposition.
  • Gasket: Flat device usually made of fiber or rubber used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints.
  • Gate: A device that controls the flow in a conduit, pipe, or tunnel.
  • Gate Diverter: The pop-up lever on a tub faucet that activates the diverter valve.
  • Gauge: The thickness of stainless steel and is commonly used in reference to quality grades on certain types of lavatories and sinks. 10 and 20-gauge stainless steel sinks go through a number of polishing and buffing operations to ensure a beautiful finish.
  • GPF: Stands for Gallons Per Flush. The rate of water flow by which toilets and flush valves are measured and regulated. Current law requires maximum of 1.6 GPF. Older styles were usually 3.5 GPF.
  • Gravity Operated Toilet: A toilet which relies on the natural downward pressure of water in a toilet tank to flush the toilet effectively.
  • Gray Water: Waste water from fixtures other than toilets.
  • Grease Trap: A device that captures grease entering a system before it reaches the sewer lines. Usually used in commercial applications such as restaurants or cafeterias.
  • Hard Water: Natural water containing impurities in various proportions. Traditional hardness is a measure of calcium, minerals or dissolved solids in a solution, measured in parts per million. Hard water generally ranges from 100 to 250 ppm.
  • Hanger: A device used to support pipes.
  • Hose Bibb: An outdoor faucet, also used to supply washing machines.
  • ID: Stands for “inside diameter.” Measures the inside width of a pipe.
  • Impeller: A rotating wheel with vanes found inside a centrifugal pump. As it spins at high speed it draws fluids in and thrusts them under pressure to the discharge outlet.
  • Interceptor: A device for separating grease and oil from drainage systems.
  • kPa: A metric unit for pressure. 100 kPa = one atmosphere.
  • L Tubing: An industry standard for copper tubing defined by the tube wall thickness and identified by a “blue” strip. Type “L” copper tube wall is approximately 50 percent greater thickness than type “M”.
  • Leach Lines: Pipes that carry effluent from the septic system out to the leach field, a porous soil area where treated waste is emptied.
  • Low Consumption Toilet: A class of toilet designed to flush using 1.6 gallons of water or less. Also known as “water-saving” toilets.
  • M Tubing: An industry standard for copper tubing defined by the tube wall thickness. Identified by a “red” stripe.
  • Main: The primary artery of the supply or drain system to which all the branches connect. Referred to as the Main Vent in the vent system.
  • Manifold: A fitting that connects a number of branches to the main; serves as a distribution point.
  • Mapp Gas: A colorless, flammable gas made by combining liquefied petroleum gas with Methylacetylene-Propadiene. It is a stable, non-toxic fuel used in brazing and soldering.
  • MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level – The maximum level of a contaminant allowed in water by federal law.
  • Metal Fatigue: A breakage of the metal caused by the bending and flexing or the expansion and contraction of a metal part beyond its endurance limit.
  • Nipple: A short piece of pipe installed between couplings or other fittings.
  • No-Hub Connector: A connector for no-hub iron pipe consisting of a rubber sleeve and a stainless steel band secured by hose clamps. A variation, a neoprene sleeve with two adjustable steel bands, is used for connecting dissimilar materials, as when connecting new plastic pipe to an existing cast-iron drainpipe.
  • Non-ferrous: Not containing iron.
  • Oakum: Loosely woven hemp rope that has been treated with oil or other waterproofing agent; it is used to caulk joints in a bell and spigot pipe and fittings.
  • Overflow Hood: On a bath drain, the decorative hood concealing the overflow.
  • Overflow Tube: The vertical tube inside a toilet tank that directs water into the bowl in case the ballcock malfunctions and prevents potential water damage caused by a tank overflow. A constant running condition alerts the user to an overflow problem. On most toilets, the overflow tube also has a refill tube flowing into it, which directs water from the ballcock through the overflow tube to the bowl, after a siphon break.
  • O-Ring: A rubber washer that is round instead of flat. Used in valve stems to create a watertight seal.
  • OD: Stands for “outside diameter.” Measures the outside width of a pipe.
  • PB: Stands for polybutylene. A bendable plastic tubing most often used to supply water to bathroom fixtures.
  • PE: Stands for polyethylene. A flexible plastic supply line.
  • PEX: Stands for cross-linked polyethylene. A flexible plastic supply line that is stronger than PE. In bathrooms, it is used for water supply lines.
  • Plumber’s Putty: A dough-like putty that seals joints between fixture surfaces and metal pieces, such as the drain.
  • Plumbing Snake: A thin, flexible length of spiral-wound metal, which is inserted into a drain and rotated to clear anything that is clogged in the pipes.
  • Plunger: A rubber suction cup approx 6″ in diameter attached to a wooden dowel handle used to free drain clogs. Also known as a “plumber’s helper”.
  • Pop-Up Drain: Remote control drain assembly. Also known as a “trip lever drain” for tubs.
  • Potable: Water that is suitable for consumption.
  • Pressure Balance Valve: A shower valve that monitors fluctuations in pressure to maintain balance between hot and cold water so that temperature remains constant.
  • Pressure Head: Pressure in a plumbing system. The unit of measure which is the vertical force exerted by water at a depth of one foot.
  • PVC: Stands for polyvinyl-chloride. A rigid white plastic pipe used for bathroom drain, waste and vent pipes.
  • Reducer: A fitting that allows pipes of different sizes to be joined together.
  • Relief Valve: A valve that opens to relieve excess temperature and/or pressure in the system.
  • Return: A plumbing fitting with a 180-degree bend.
  • Riser: A supply line pipe that rises from one story to the next; also the short vertical pipes that bring water from the branch to the fixture.
  • Scald Guard: A valve designed to prevent extreme water temperature changes through pressure balance technology. When there is a drop in hot or cold water pressure, the scald-guard valve shifts back and forth behind the shower handle to compensate for the sudden change. This valve maintains a constant water temperature to help give you and your family a safe and enjoyable bathing experience.
  • Scale: A thin coating or layer, usually calcium on the bottom of a tank or interior parts that may prevent heat transfer.
  • Sediment: The substance that settles on the bottom of a water tank. Also known as lime.
  • Septic Tank: A tank used to detain domestic wastes to allow the settling of solids prior to distribution. Septic tanks are used when a sewer line is not available to carry them to a treatment plant.
  • Service Partner Plan (SPP): The Horizon Services Service Partner Plan (SPP) is a great way to be sure that in case of an emergency, you are guaranteed the priority service you deserve as a valued customer. Benefits, include, priority service for plumbing, heating and air conditioning calls (routine or emergency), a 15% discount on all repairs, no additional charge for overtime or emergency calls, a lifetime warranty on most repairs and much more!
  • Shutoff Valve: Valves installed under sinks and toilets used to shut off water supply in the event of a malfunction or repair. Also called an Angle Stop, Straight Stop or Supply Stop.
  • Siphoning: The suction or pulling effect that takes place in the trapway of a toilet as it is filled with outgoing water and waste.
  • Sleeve: A pipe which is passed through a wall for the purpose of inserting another pipe through it.
  • Soft Water: Water that has been treated so that it has low mineral content.
  • Solder: A metal alloy that is melted to create a fused joint between metal pieces. Also the act of melting solder into the joint.
  • Soil Pipe: A pipe that carries waste from toilets.
  • Sweep: A pipe bend fitting used in drains to permit smooth passage of waste.
  • T&P Valve: Temperature and pressure valve. A valve that opens to release excess pressure and temperature in a system.
  • Tailpiece: The section of pipe that runs between a fixture outlet and the trap.
  • Tee: A plumbing fitting in the shape of the letter “T,” used to connect three sections of pipe.
  • Tee Fitting: A fitting that allows another pipe to be joined at a 90-degree angle.
  • Teflon Tape: White tape made of fluorocarbon polymer. It has non-stick properties and is wrapped around pipe threads in a joint to create a tight seal.
  • Trap: A curved section of drain that traps a small portion of water to prevent sewer gases from escaping into the bathroom. “P” traps and “S” traps are the types of traps most commonly found in bathrooms.
  • Trap Seal: The water in a trap or toilet that prevents sewer gases from escaping back through the drain.
  • Valve: A device that regulates the flow of water.
  • Valve Seat: The immovable portion of a valve. Water flow is stopped when the movable portion of the valve comes in contact with the valve seat.
  • Vent: A vertical or sloping portion of drain pipe that allows sewer gasses to escape from the house into the outdoor air and lets air into the drain system to keep air pressure balanced and prevent water in traps from being siphoned off.
  • Water Hammer Arrestor: A device installed near a fixture to absorb the hydraulic shock that happens when a fixture’s supply is suddenly shut off, causing water hammer, a loud banging noise in the pipes.
  • Wet Vent: A pipe that both drains wastewater and vents air into the drains. Connects two or more fixtures.
  • Wax Ring: A seal located between floor flange and toilet to prevent leakage and fumes.
  • Wye Fitting: A drain fitting that allows one pipe to be joined to another at a 45-degree angle.
More Info: 
Reliable and Trustworthy Plumbing services.
Call a fully-licensed, bonded and insured Toronto plumber at 416 939 1530